eng
Islamic Azad University, Central tehran Branch
International Journal of Mathematical Modelling & Computations
2228-6225
2228-6233
2019-06-01
9
2 (SPRING)
83
100
670738
Dynamics of a Delayed Epidemic Model with Beddington-DeAngelis Incidence Rate and a Constant Infectious Period
Abdelali Raji_allah
raji-allah.math@hotmail.com
1
Hamad Talibi Alaoui
2
Department of Mathematics , Faculty of Sciences, Chouaib Doukkali University B. P. 20, 24000, El Jadida, Morocco
Department of Mathematics , Faculty of Sciences, Chouaib Doukkali University B. P. 20, 24000, El Jadida, Morocco
In this paper, an SIR epidemic model with an infectious period and a non-linear Beddington-DeAngelis type incidence rate function is considered. The dynamics of this model depend on the reproduction number R<sub>0</sub>. Accurately, if R<sub>0</sub> < 1, we show the global asymptotic stability of the disease-free equilibrium by analyzing the corresponding characteristic equation and using comparison arguments. In contrast, if R<sub>0</sub> > 1, we see that the disease-free equilibrium is unstable and the endemic equilibrium is permanent and locally asymptotically stable and we give sufficient conditions for the global asymptotic stability of the endemic equilibrium.
http://ijm2c.iauctb.ac.ir/article_670738_81ab9cdb3575961fe8cf7c5196ce92fc.pdf
SIR epidemic model
infectious period
characteristic equation
comparison arguments
permanence
Global stability
Beddington-DeAngelis incidence
eng
Islamic Azad University, Central tehran Branch
International Journal of Mathematical Modelling & Computations
2228-6225
2228-6233
2019-06-01
9
2 (SPRING)
101
111
670731
Fixed Point Results for Cyclic (α,β)-Admissible Type F-Contractions in Modular Spaces
Müzeyyen Sangurlu Sezen
muzeyyen.sezen@giresun.edu.tr
1
Duran Türkoğlu
dturkoglu@gazi.edu.tr
2
Department of Mathematics, Giresun University, Giresun, PO. Code 28100, Turkey.
Department of Mathematics, Gazi University, Ankara, PO. Code 06500, Turkey.
In this paper, we prove the existence and uniqueness of fixed points for cyclic (<em>α</em>,<em>β</em>)-admissible type <em>F</em>-contraction and <em>F</em>−weak contraction under the setting of modular spaces, where the modular is convex and satisfying the ∆<sub>2</sub>-condition. Later, we prove some periodic point results for self-mappings on a modular space. We also give some examples to support our results.
http://ijm2c.iauctb.ac.ir/article_670731_bf7dcb119c81afbea90c3af829f8bf44.pdf
modular space
fixed point
F-contraction
Cyclic (α,β)-admissible mapping
eng
Islamic Azad University, Central tehran Branch
International Journal of Mathematical Modelling & Computations
2228-6225
2228-6233
2019-06-01
9
2 (SPRING)
113
122
670732
Bat Algorithm for Optimal Service Parameters in an Impatient Customer N-Policy Vacation Queue
Vijaya Laxmi Pikkala
vijaya_iit2003@yahoo.co.in
1
Department of Applied Mathematics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, India.
In this paper, a meta-heuristic method, the Bat Algorithm, based on the echolocation behavior of bats is used to determine the optimum service rate of a queue problem. A finite buffer <em>M</em>/<em>M</em>/1 queue with <em>N</em> policy, multiple working vacations and Bernoulli schedule vacation interruption is considered. Under the two customers' impatient situations, balking and reneging, the queue is studied using the matrix geometric method. Simulations show that the proposed algorithm seems much superior to other algorithms.
http://ijm2c.iauctb.ac.ir/article_670732_61b8106124d6a03183bac62e630be713.pdf
Bat algorithm
Working vacations
balking
Reneging
Queue
eng
Islamic Azad University, Central tehran Branch
International Journal of Mathematical Modelling & Computations
2228-6225
2228-6233
2019-06-30
9
2 (SPRING)
123
147
670734
Markov Chain Analogue Year Daily Rainfall Model and Pricing of Rainfall Derivatives
Tesfahun Berhane
tesfahunb2002@gmail.com
1
Nurilign Shibabaw
nuriligns@yahoo.com
2
Tesfaye Kebede
tk_ke@yahoo.com
3
Department of Mathematics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
Department of Mathematics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
Department of Mathematics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
In this study we model the daily rainfall occurrence using Markov Chain Analogue Year<br />model (MCAYM) and the intensity or amount of daily rainfall using three different probability distributions; gamma, exponential and mixed exponential distributions. Combining the occurrence and intensity model we obtain Markov Chain Analogue Year gamma model (MCAYGM), Markov Chain Analogue Year exponential model (MCAYEM) and Markov Chain Analogue Year mixed exponential model (MCAYMEM). The models are assessed using twenty nine-years(1987-2015) of historical records of daily rainfall data taken from three different locations which are obtained from Ethiopian National Meteorology Agency (ENMA). Both maximum likelihood and least square techniques are used in the estimation of model parameter. The results indicate that all the three model are suitable for the simulation of precipitation process. In order to assess their performance we apply both qualitative (graphical demonstration) and quantitative techniques. In the quantitative, the performance of the three models; MCAYEM, MCAYGM and MCAYMEM are measured using mean absolute error(MAE) and have mean absolute error of 0.45mm, 0.57 mm and 0.42mm respectively for kiremet(June to September) rainfall which is the long rainy season in Ethiopia. These accuracy is mainly because of the new component that is Analogue Year (AY) used in the modeling of frequency of daily rainfall included in the Markov chain (MC) process. Based on these model we obtain an option price for Teff crop for different months. The result shows an excellent accuracy with only maximum absolute error of 0.54 currency.
http://ijm2c.iauctb.ac.ir/article_670734_ca3b84faef68d273e21cbce49580d50c.pdf
Analogue year
exponential distribution
gamma distribution
Markov chain
option price
Teff
eng
Islamic Azad University, Central tehran Branch
International Journal of Mathematical Modelling & Computations
2228-6225
2228-6233
2019-06-01
9
2 (SPRING)
149
154
670736
A Consistent and Accurate Numerical Method for Approximate Numerical Solution of Two Point Boundary Value Problems
Pramod Pandey
pramod_10p@hotmail.com
1
Department of Mathematics, Dyal Singh College (Univ. of Delhi), Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110003, India.
In this article we have proposed an accurate finite difference method for approximate numerical solution of second order boundary value problem with Dirichlet boundary conditions. There are numerous numerical methods for solving these boundary value problems. Some these methods are more efficient and accurate than others with some advantages and disadvantages. The results in experiment on model problems show an improved and good approximation to the solution of considered problems.
http://ijm2c.iauctb.ac.ir/article_670736_f3c6bdb5341dadd5903a0e7d601314ed.pdf
Boundary Value Problem
Dirichlet boundary condition
Finite difference method
Non-linear equation
Unconventional difference method
eng
Islamic Azad University, Central tehran Branch
International Journal of Mathematical Modelling & Computations
2228-6225
2228-6233
2019-06-01
9
2 (SPRING)
155
164
670737
Initial Value Problems for Fourth-Order Fuzzy Differential Equations by Fuzzy Laplace Transform
Hülya Gültekin Çitil
hulyagultekin55@hotmail.com
1
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Giresun University, Giresun, Turkey.
This paper is on the solutions of fuzzy initial value problems for fourth-order fuzzy differential equations with positive and negative fuzzy coefficients by fuzzy Laplace transform. Examples are solved. Conclusions are given.
http://ijm2c.iauctb.ac.ir/article_670737_4a9ca287812c2592f6467c842f7c7331.pdf
fuzzy differential equation
Fuzzy Laplace Transform
Positive fuzzy number
Negative fuzzy number