STUDY OF OIL SPILL ON THE SEA SURFACE IN THE PRESENCE OF THERMAL AND CONCENTRATION BUOYANCY EFFECTS

Authors

1 Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Chidambaram, Tamilnadu, India-608002 India Professor, Department of Mathematics, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamilnadu, India-609001.

2 Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Chidambaram, Tamilnadu, India-608002 India Research scholar, Department of Mathematics, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamilnadu, India-609001.

Abstract

Pollution occurs when the concentration of various chemical or biological constituents exceed a level implying negative impact on amenities, the eco-system, resources and human health. Oil spills are the serious environmental   hazards which often exhibit long-term impacts. The main objective of response to an oil spill is to reduce its impact on nature and human health. This paper allows us to get a comprehensive idea of the oil spill impact in the presence of thermal and concentration buoyancy effects.  The governing equations and their associated boundary conditions are first cast into dimensionless form and the resulting equations are then solved analytically using perturbation technique. The effect of various physical parameters such as Grashof number, Prandtl number, Schmidt number and chemical reaction parameter on the velocity, temperature and concentration profile as well as surface skin friction, heat and mass transfer coefficients are discussed in detail with the help of graphs.
 

Keywords